Kentucky Poorhouse
the Poorhouse Story
POORHOUSE HISTORY by state

the Poorhouse Story

HISTORY:

The following is an excerpt from a U.S. Government REPORT 
summarizing various state poor laws in 1904. .
Click on the link above for more information.

 
"Calloway and McCracken counties had a separate, physical location for their poor house occupants.  For many years my great grandfather Utterback owned a part of the land on which the Calloway County poorhouse was built.. 

As nearly as I can determine, the other  counties in the Jackson Purchase region [ Marshall, Graves, Fulton, Hickman, Ballard,  and Carlisle] boarded their poor in private homes or in actual boarding houses. The exception might be Graves County, as Charles Collier was shown in the 1860 census as having the poor farm. 

It is hard to determine, given the fact that 98% of the Graves County records were destroyed in a courthouse fire in 1887, whether they had a physical county building, or if the people were housed in homes. 

I plan, at some point, to transcribe all of the information on each individual which is contained in the "Defective, Delinquent and Dependent"  [DDD] Schedule. from the 1880 Census

Unfortunately, in the Jackson Purchase region, the enumerators did a very poor job, in most cases, with the DDD Schedule, leaving many columns blank and thus depriving us today of what could be valuable genealogical information. 

There are a fair number of poor house occupants who also are shown in other parts of the DDD Schedule(such as in the homeless children, idiots, deaf-mutes, blind, etc., categories), which might be useful information to descendants, especially those doing medical histories of their ancestors."
                              
                                           Bill Utterback [billco@ARN.NET

Note:  Scroll below to RECORDS section to see Bill's initial DDD lists.                                                                     PHL

 

the Poorhouse Story


NOTES FROM READERS:
"My great-grandfather ran a Poorhouse in Olive Hill, [Carter County] Ky.  His name was Robert Jessie (the rest of his family spelled their name Jessee.)  I remember my grandmother saying she was in the Poorhouse.  I just thought she meant she was not wealthy.  My grandmother and her brothers and sisters would have to feed everyone that stayed there.  My mother said there were little houses behind my great-grandfather's and that is where the people stayed.  I would love to find some information on this Poorhouse."  
     S. Holland   wholland@casagrande.com 

"I know there was one poor house in Liberty [Casey County] Ky, I had an uncle who died there. And the story about 'When my rich uncle gets out of the poorhouse" I will buy you that, was said a lot in our house. But in our case it was true. 

Supposely, when my Uncle Porter died, he had a red cushion that he always carried with him, and when he would sit down, he would sit on it, everyone always thought it was for his hemorrhoids or something, but after he died, they unzipped the cushion and found bunches of money!"
     Laura Wright  lsllwright@fuse.net 

[OK, I promise not to create a new category for posting poorhouse jokes... I think I've heard  'em all and most of them are awful; but this one was too good to pass up. And besides ... the levity was tempered with some facts we needed. PHL]


"I have a death certificate for someone who died in 1920 in Christian County Kentucky. The City on the death certificate says "Christian County Poor House". The Voting Pct. listed is "Concord #29".
      Dawn Hills   Email: dhills@peoplepc.com


"Isn't there a poorhouse in Grant County, Kentucky? A building still stands and is maintained by the county. I was always told it was once the poorhouse of Grant County. The building is in the city of Crittenden. Please let me know if I am wrong.
     LolaLively@aol.com  


"Our home was built in the 1860's as the Harrison County Poorhouse. It is in  Berry Ky. I am currently researching its history." 
     Phyllis Couch   ecouch@kymail.com 


"I was looking through the 1880 US Census [Jefferson County] for my family and found George W. McCrocklin's occupation as 'Keeps Poor House.'  His wife Susan, daughters Marian and Agnes, and son Alfred J. lived with him along with several people with an occupation listed as 'Pauper.' "      (Note: Scroll down to the RECORDS section  for this census location.  PHL )
     Mike McCrocklin  ChiefPMM@aol.com 


"My grandfather grew up in a Poor House in Morgan Co., KY. I found this out when reading the 1900 census. I recall that my grandfather always answered the phone "County Poor Farm" as a joke. I was surprised to find that he actually lived in one. His father, William Bonham Greear, was the overseer of the poor. The farm was located near Greear in Morgan Co.on Hwy 460. Poor House Fork of Grassy Creek runs parallel to Hwy 460."
     Mary South   marysouth@mediaone.net 

[Note: See the 1900 Census list for this poorhouse below. Mary submitted these notes to us.  PHL ]


"It is said in my family that my Grandfather's sister, Pearl (Wilson)  Copenhaver ran a poorhouse in Betsey, KY, located in Wayne Co., KY. I'll  have to check, but I believe the census records I reviewed years  ago reflect  that." 
    Dan Wilson    DWilson296@aol.com 

the Poorhouse Story
LOCAL NOTES:
US GenWeb Archives item -- 
from "History of Kentucky and Kentuckians" by E. Polk Johnson
a bio of  LLEWELLYN JONES   

"The superintendency of the admirably conducted poorhouse and farms of Jefferson county is entrusted to Lewellyn (sic) Jones, and his administration has been marked by utmost efficiency as well as by kindly solicitude for the unfortunate wards of the county. Mr. Jones is a native of Kentucky and is a representative of a family whose name has been identified with the history of this favored commonwealth for virtually an entire century." (continued at link above)

   Monroe County Court Notes  
Requiring Paupers to Report to the Poorhouse
1872

Monroe County -- Miscellaneous Records  

Keeper of the Poorhouse & terms of hire -- Court of Claims, Reg.  1903

the Poorhouse Story
RECORDS:

Poorhouse List from Allen County 1880 Census  

Poorhouse List from Barren County 1900 Census

List of poorhouse residents and other indigent dependents from the 1880 Census special schedule:
"Defectives, Dependents and Delinquents" for Barren County. 

List of poorhouse residents and other indigent dependents from the 1880 Census special schedule:
"Defectives, Dependents and Delinquents" for Calloway County. 

List of poorhouse residents and other indigent dependents from the 1880 Census special schedule:
"Defectives, Dependents and Delinquents" for Fulton County. 

List of poorhouse residents and other indigent dependents from the 1880 Census special schedule:
"Defectives, Dependents and Delinquents" for Graves County. 

List of poorhouse residents and other indigent dependents from the 1880 Census special schedule:
"Defectives, Dependents and Delinquents" for Hickman County. 

The Jefferson County poorhouse list can be found in the 1880 Census, District 91, 
Jeffersontown, Jefferson County, Kentucky, page 105A. 

List of poorhouse residents and other indigent dependents from the 1880 Census special schedule:
"Defectives, Dependents and Delinquents" for McCracken County.   

Poorhouse List from Madison County 1850 Census 

Poorhouse List from Monroe County 1880 Census  

Poorhouse List from Morgan County 1900 Census

Poorhouse List from Ohio County 1920 Census  

Poorhouse List from Scott  County 1850 Census

the Poorhouse Story
CEMETERIES:

Calloway County Poor House Cemetery list 

County Farm Cemetery -- LaRue County  

Monroe County (Poor)House Cemetery (Est. 1892) Photo  

Trigg County Poor Farm Cemetery
http://www.kyseeker.com/trigg/kylines/cemetery/county.html

the Poorhouse Story

We are hoping to build this base of information about poorhouses in KENTUCKY through the helpful participation of  readers. All are requested to submit items of interest by sending e-mail to The Poorhouse Lady.

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