The Victorian (England) Poorhouse (essay by Sandra Spencer, University of North Texas) http://omf.ucsc.edu/london-1865/victorian-city/victorian-poorhouse.html
Bawnboy (Ireland) Workhouse
(comprehensive website with photos and history)
Index to "Paupers in Workhouses (England
& Wales) 1861" at
[This is a very good website which in many ways is the British equivalent to what we have tried to do here with The POORHOUSE STORY website regarding American poorhouse history.]
The Workhouse, Southwell...The
Story So Far at
Don Darling has shared with us a wonderful article called "The Poorhouse Revisited" in which he wrote of his experiences as a child living on the Dickinson County, Kansas, Poor Farm -- where his grandfather was the Superintendent. It is a great read!
During the Great Depression, Clinton County Ohio issued "County Bonds" for the support of the general Poor Relief Fund and the County Home. Some of these were purchased by The Poorhouse Lady on eBay. Read the story and see the bonds.
Pauper Institutions" by William I. Cole
by Karen Mullian from the February 1999 Issue of the Quarterly
of The Genealogy Club of
This is an excellent article about the various types of
indentured servitude (focusing on the practice in Pennsylvania) adopted and
utilized in America.
Pope County's Pauper Problem by Laura L.
Kaufman County Poor Farm by Kathey Kelley Hunt, Kaufman County Historical Commission--Texas
[Kathey sent us an article which she wrote specifically for The POORHOUSE STORY. She also sent photographs and cemetery lists. This challenged us to collaborate on formatting a layout that would look good and be really effective. We think we all did a good job! This project served as a prototype project and we hope others will send in data which we can work up in a similar manner. Thanks to Kathey for doing a great job. (By the way, she taught us how to take an aerial photograph of the site of a former poorhouse and label it to show the status of old and new buildings as the site exists now.) Special congratulations on their plans to create a POORHOUSE MUSEUM in the remaining buildings!]
Milwaukee County Poorhouse Notes submitted by Jennifer Fleishmann
[Jennifer sent us a newspaper article and a research paper (written several years ago by a friend of hers) and many great photographs which she took of the remaining buildings of this poorhouse in Wisconsin. By the way, within just weeks of posting this information about a neglected poorhouse cemetery, the local officials took action to allow it to be cleaned up! These kinds of submissions really help us put together very readable presentations which make history come alive for us and all the readers of The POORHOUSE STORY. Many thanks! ]
Cass County Texas Poor Farm submitted by Jean Gilley
[Jean Gilley sent us the BEST newspaper article we have ever seen about a poorhouse! Almost a quarter of a century ago, the 1974 Frontier Times, told the story of the Poor Farm in Cass County, Texas.At that time we were emerging from a period during which we tended to romanticize life and gloss over some of the more gritty details of life. The article reflects that transitional process. It does tell the story in a somewhat nostalgic sentimental way. But it still weaves the complex tapestry which was the poorhouse. The warp and woof of that tapestry consisted of the warm human compassion trying to manifest through the layers of cold harsh bureaucracy.]
Great LESSON about Annual Town Reports --
and how much genealogical information can be found in those boring, dry
Poorhouse Restoration & Museum -- One Couple Does "The Right Thing"
[There is a magnificent and quite unique on-line newspaper called The Mountain Laurel -- Can you tell we love it?! -- which carries an article which tells the story about the successful efforts of a married couple to restore the poorhouse in Wythe County, Virginia ... and turn it into a museum! We are featuring that in our News Alerts section ... to inspire individuals and corporate or governmental organizations in other locations to follow their dedicated example.]
Works Progress Administration (WPA) Inventories for OhioDuring the 1930s and 1940s (during the Great Depression) the federal government provided the services of people in the Works Progress Administration (WPA) to inventory government records in the state and county archives and repositories of many states. This is a terrific resource for both historians and genealogists. A group of OHIO volunteers have helped us extract and transcribe extensive notes about the poorhouse records in those inventories They provide a great deal of local poorhouse history as well.
Ohio Poorhouse Inspired Famous Poem -- Article in The Toledo Blade 1/5/01
The successful preservation and restoration efforts of the Hillsdale (Ohio) Historical Society are chronicled in this story about The Will Carlton Poorhouse have been documented in this article. Erica Blake, the reporter who wrote the story, interviewed PHL and used The POORHOUSE STORY for background information. The poem is one we have previously posted here -- Over The Hill to the Poorhouse by Will Carlton