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 Orleans County Poorhouse
the Poorhouse Story
POORHOUSE HISTORY by county


Orleans County Alms House and Hospital Albion

Submitted by: Graham Morgan morgan@postcards18.freeserve.co.uk 
the Poorhouse Story

The notes below have been abstracted from the following reports.
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YATES REPORT      1824 LAW      1857 REPORT EXPLANATION
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YATES REPORT:

NOTE: Orleans County was not created until 1825. For that reason, it was not represented in the Yates Report (which was done in 1823) or the law which was passed in 1824.  PHL

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1824 LAW (required establishment of poorhouse vs. exempted):
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1857 INVESTIGATION:

This house is built of brick, forty by eighty feet, three stories high, connected with which is a farm of one hundred and seven acres, yielding an annual revenue of $721. The house is not ventilated. No provision for bathing except a shower bath. The basement, to a limited extent, is occupied by the paupers, but mostly for domestic purposes. It is warmed by stoves. The number of inmates was forty: twenty males and twenty females, of whom sixteen were foreign and twenty-four native born, including eight children. Twenty-six rooms are appropriated to the use of the paupers in which as many as eight are sometimes placed in a single room. This house is under the care of a keeper, aided by an assistant. The keeper is also superintendent of the poor, who purchases supplies for the house, prescribes rules regulating the diet, which are submitted to and have received the sanction of the county court. During the past year he has bound out sixteen children, leaving only one of suitable age to be bound out, in the house. The paupers labor in the house and on the farm to the extent of their ability. The average number supported is fifty-nine, at a weekly cost of $1.15 each. The house is supplied with Bibles and religious services are maintained every Sabbath. The children of suitable age are sent to the district school. The supervisors have visited the house once this year.

A physician is employed by the year at a salary of $100. There have been five births and three deaths the past year. Of the inmates seven are lunatics; two male and five female, and all paupers. Two have been received, and one recovered and has been discharged. Three of the lunatics are confined in a hall opening into a yard; one is restrained by wearing mittens and one muffs. They are looked after by a pauper attendant, but receive no special medical attention. There are two idiots, both females; and one deaf and dumb.

Four-fifths of the whole number come to want consequent upon habits of inebriation.
Transcribed by PHS-Volunteer, Cheramie Breaux in Louisiana
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PERSONAL NOTES FROM READERS:

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LOCAL NOTES:

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RECORDS:

Poorhouse INMATE REGISTRATION CERTIFICATES
Microfilm Series A1978  Roll Number(s) 164-165  more information
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CEMETERY:

 

POORHOUSE BURIAL LIST 

Submitted by:   Sharon A. Kerridge samk@mfi.net 
                           Orleans County Coordinator
  GenWeb

We have a burial ground that belonged to our old County Home (AKA Alms House).
It is really not accessible to the public. It is now an abandoned field and wooded area.
It is unknown exactly how many burials there are. Any record of that cemetery has been
lost. I was able to put together a partial list of the burials there by going through the old 
town meeting books and getting what I could from the Alms House death report giving
yearly listings. 

How they did the actual burials was rather sad. Each burial was given a cement marker 
about 6 inches square with a number chiseled into it. That number was the only 
identification of that person. As I said earlier, the burial book that showed which number 
belonged to which burial has been lost. So even if someone did find the old burial ground
-- all they would find was crumbling numbered markers. 

You can find what we do have at: http://www.rootsweb.com/~nyorlean/cemcohom.htm 

 

the Poorhouse Story

We are hoping to build this base of information about the poorhouse in ORLEANS county through the helpful participation of readers. All are requested to submit items of interest by sending e-mail  to The Poorhouse Lady.

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