Oneida County Poorhouse
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POORHOUSE HISTORY by county


Postcard Caption: Oneida County Home, Rome, N.Y

Postcard Caption: Hospital of the County Home, Rome, N.Y.

Note: We're not sure of  the date of this lower picture, but the postmark was 1911. This appears to be a much later construction. A small part of the County Home itself can be seen in this view ... immediately to the left and slightly back  PHL

The notes below have been abstracted from the following reports.
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YATES REPORT      1824 LAW      1857 REPORT EXPLANATION
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YATES REPORT:

 

ANNUAL REPORT of the STATE BOARD of CHARITIES                                         p 1019-1021
A TABLE showing the number of Paupers supported at the public expense in the county of ONEIDA,  during the twelve months preceding April 21, 1823, with other particulars, derived from public documents and reports furnished the Secretary of State.
TOWNS Total number of paupers
supported during the
whole of the last year.
Total number relieved
during a part of the last year.
M
A
L
E
S
F
E
M
A
L
E
S
C
H
I
L
D
R
E
N
Total expenses of supporting and relieving paupers (including fees and expenses of officers, removals and appeals) for the last year.

Dolls. Cts.

Expenses and cost of officers and appeals during same period.

 

Dolls. Cts.

Number of paupers removed during the last year.
Note: *** indicates "No return."
Augusta  5 14 6 13 5 500.98 45.00  
Annsville ***                
Boonville 0 28 13 15 8 18.00 4.00 27
Bridgewater ***                
Camden ***                
Deerfield 9 3 9 3 0 350.00 50.00  
Florence ***                
Floyd 4 3 3 4 0 173.66 25.95  
Lee 6 3 3 6 2 315.00 21.00  
Paris (illegible) 20 ? Not stated. 25 25 25 864.76 112.72 1
Remsen ***                
Rome 14 Not stated. 6 8 4 845.00 40.00  
Sangerfield ***                
Steuben 1 2 1 2 0 137.66 6.50  
Trenton 4 5 3 6 7 172.28 12.00  
Utica 21 81 53 52 35 1,665.71 Not stated.  
Vernon ***                
Verona ***                
Vienna ***                
Western ***                
Westmoreland 10 9 7 12 8 622.84 235.00  
  Whitestown 12 16 14 14 6 1,281.28 87.50 ...

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1824 LAW (required establishment of poorhouse vs. exempted): exempt
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1857 INVESTIGATION:

This is located near the village of Rome. The building has been occupied as a poor house since 1829. Connected is a farm of 115 acres, of which about seventy are under cultivation. This house is heated by a furnace.

The present number of inmates is 150--males and females being about equally divided. The average number for the past year is 222. Thirty-seven deaths have occurred. At least three-fourths of all received are foreigners. During all seasons the able bodied men among the paupers are employed upon the farm. The sexes are kept separate. A physician is employed by the year to attend the sick, and frequently visits the house. It is supplied with Bibles, and the inmates have the benefit of religious instruction. For the children an instructor is employed by the year. There is on the grounds a pest house, located about 100 rods from the main building. No contagious disease has visited the house during the present year.

The inmates sleep in dormitories, the largest room accommodates forty-four persons.

There are here four blind, two male and two female, and three idiots. Thirty-one of the inmates are lunatics, twenty males and eleven females. For their accommodation has been erected an asylum building, in which the sexes are separately confined with separate yards attached. A large share of these lunatics have heretofore been inmates of the State Institution, and returned as incurable. The keeper reports that one of the cases, a colored woman has recovered her reason and been discharged from the house. They are confined in rooms, and restrained by chains when boisterous. The son of the keeper has charge of the insane, assisted by a female who is herself occasionally deranged.

The house is inspected each year by a committee appointed from the board of supervisors of the county.

Exclusive of farm products the cost of support of paupers has been for the last year about $1.00 per capita.

Transcribed by PHS-Volunteer, Cheramie Breaux in Louisiana
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LOCAL NOTES:

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PERSONAL NOTES FROM READERS:

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RECORDS:

Poorhouse INMATE REGISTRATION CERTIFICATES
Microfilm Series A1978  Roll Number(s) 150-152  more information
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CEMETERY:

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We are hoping to build this base of information about the poorhouse in ONEIDA county through the helpful participation of readers. All are requested to submit items of interest by sending e-mail to The Poorhouse Lady.

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