|A TABLE showing the number of Paupers supported at the public expense in the county of WASHINGTON, during the twelve months preceding April 21, 1823, with other particulars, derived from public documents and reports furnished the Secretary of State.|
| Average amount of money raised by tax, in the county of
for the support of the poor, for the last six years $4331.66 -- amount
raised last year, $3,525; (but the particular amount raised in each of
the preceding five years, is not stated.)
In the following towns, there are funds on hand for the support of the poor, viz: In Greenwich $25 -- In Hartford $176 -- In Hebron $228, and in Kingsbury $363.
The ignorance of justices of the peace generally in making orders of removal and orders for the support of poor, especially county poor, their inattention and carelessness in making the necessary examinations and the vexations attending the removal of paupers to other states, I would with deference suggest to your notice. [Letter from the supervisor of Cambridge.]
I know of no better
remedy for many of the prevailing vices in community, than a work
house, or house of industry in every town; and not only the poor, but
the idle and mischievous of every description, to be put to work in it,
until they will reform. It will be a means to inform the ignorant,
correct the vicious, and restrain the idle, and in a word, exchange many
of the bad habits of society, for better ones. It will be the means
of saving many of the rising generation, from that wretchedness which
idleness, dissipation and wantonness, so plentifully bestow on those who
follow such courses.
In 1818, we made the
experiment of procuring a poor-house, placing it directly under the
management of one of our overseers of the poor, and have had in it on an
average to the present time, three paupers. From our limited
experience in the poor-house system, it is believed that the establishment
of county poor-houses, would have the effect of materially lessening our
taxes for the support of paupers. In such an establishment, the
industry of the paupers might be turned to good account, and their manners
subjected to the immediate inspection of a prudent overseer, their most
prevalent vices completely checked, and their morals improved.
Judging by the saving made by the establishment of a poor-house in this
town it is believed, that in a county establishment, when the expense of
management would be considerably less in proportion, little more than half
our present tax would be sufficient to defray the average share of expense
for our town.
About one-sixth of our
expense, for the last six years, has been for the support of foreigners.